In this program, we will:
- Explore your reasons for smoking
- Discover reasons to quit
- Determine what your smoking patterns and triggers are
- Create behavioural changes to break the association between smoking and your routines
- Teach you positive ways to overcome stress since smoking causes stress and trying to quit smoking can also be stressful
- Prepare you for withdrawal symptoms
- Teach you strategies to cope with cravings
- Help you regain control in case a slip happens
- Provide you with tips for staying quit once you have accomplished your goal of quitting
Facts and Figures
“More than 37,000 people will die this year in Canada due to smoking. Of those, more than 300 non-smokers will die of lung cancer and at least 700 non-smokers will die of coronary heart disease caused by exposure to second-hand smoke (1).”
[su_spoiler title=”View More Facts” anchor=”facts”]“Tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals, of which more than 70 are known to cause, initiate or promote cancer and are called “carcinogens” (1).”
“The risk of oral cancer is about 5 to 10 times greater among smokers compared to people who never smoked. This risk is further multiplied among smokers who also drink alcohol (2).”
“There were 10,280 deaths from COPD in Canada in 2007. Research has shown that in 2002, almost 80% of deaths from COPD were due to smoking (3).”
“The risk of coronary heart disease increases with both the number of years smoked and the number of cigarettes smoked per day. Even people who smoke fewer than 5 cigarettes per day are at an increased risk of this condition (4).”
“There were 36,860 deaths from coronary heart disease in Canada in 2007. Research has shown that, in 2002, smoking was responsible for almost half of all deaths from coronary heart disease among Canadians under the age of 45 years (4).”
“Smokers are up to 4 times more likely to have a sudden cardiac death than are non-smokers (4).”
“The risk of lung cancer increases sharply with the amount smoked, the number of years one has smoked, and the earlier one had started smoking. Lung cancer risk also increases with the age of the smoker (5).”
“The risk of dying from lung cancer is up to 25 times greater among smokers than people who never smoked, depending on how much they have smoked (5).”[/su_spoiler]
Smoking leads to serious health problems such as:
- Lung Cancer
- Oral Cancer
- Pharyngeal (throat), Laryngeal (voice box), Esophageal cancers
- Other cancers – in bladder, stomach, kidney, and pancreas
- Female smokers have increased risk of developing cervical cancer
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) – includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthmatic bronchitis
- Cigarette smoking increases risk of the following symptoms:
- Labored breathing or shortness of breath (dyspnea)
- Heart attacks
- Coronary heart diseases
- Peripheral vascular diseases (blockages in the legs)
After Quitting – Health Benefits of Quitting Smoking are Immediate
(The following information is obtained from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (6))
20mins after quitting – Blood pressure drops to normal. Pulse rate drops to normal. Body temperature returns to normal.
8hrs after quitting – The level of carbon monoxide (a toxic gas) returns to normal.
24hrs after quitting – Risk of having a heart attack begins to drop.
2 weeks to 3 months after quitting – Overall lung function improves. The airway in the lungs relax allowing more air into the lungs, hence improving breathing ability.
1-9 months after quitting – Coughing decreases and shortness of breath improves. Lungs become even stronger.
1yr after quitting – Your added risk of coronary heart diseases to half that of a smoker’s.
5yrs after quitting – Your risk of having a stroke is reduced to the same level as that of a non-smoker’s.
10yrs after quitting – Your chance of dying from lung cancer is reduced in addition to reduction of risk of developing cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, bladder, kidney, and/or pancreas.
15yrs after quitting – Your risk of coronary heart disease is reduced to the same level as that of non-smoker.
(1) Factsheets – Tobacco – Health Canada. Factsheets – Tobacco – Health Canada. [Accessed 17 June 2014].
(3) Smoking and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – Tobacco Product Labelling – Health Canada. 2014. Smoking and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – Tobacco Product Labelling – Health Canada. [Accessed 17 June 2014].
(6) CDC – 2004 Surgeon General’s Report – Within 20 Minutes of Quitting – Poster – Smoking & Tobacco Use. 2014. CDC – 2004 Surgeon General’s Report – Within 20 Minutes of Quitting – Poster – Smoking & Tobacco Use. [Accessed 18 June 2014].